What is Constitutional Law - A complete guide

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What is Constitutional Law - A complete guide

04,Oct 2023

“Constitution is not a mere lawyer’s document, it is a vehicle of Life, and its spirit is always the spirit of Age.”
- ‘Dr. B R Ambedkar’

Constitutional Law is referred to as the paramount legal authority in the Indian Judicial system. This consists of laws pertaining to both the government and its citizens. It functions as a legal entity comprising a set of potencies and responsibilities. Constitutional Law manages the execution of governing organizations and their association with one another. It comprises the framework of various units like the parliament and the executive within a state. Constitutional Law also incorporates the fundamental rights of citizens. There is a boundless dimension for candidates in this branch and one having an intense passion for the Indian Constitutional structure and its operations can prefer for this realm. 

Constitutional Law has emerged as prominent foremost recommended law expertise and here we have addressed various facets of this law sector.

All about Constitutional Law

A nation’s executive, legislative, and judicial decisions in addition to the fundamental rights of its citizens and, in federal nations like the United States and Canada, the association between the national government and state, regional administrations are all specified by the legal system identified as Constitutional Law. A nation's constitution, which describes the fundamental principles of its government and the privileges of its citizens, acts as the base for Constitutional Law. Commonly the Constitution acts as the supreme law of the land, suggesting that all other laws must abide by it.

Why pursue Constitutional Law?

The main purpose of Constitutional Law is to protect people's rights in contrast to both the state and other people. A career in Constitutional Law can be an excellent fit for you if you are excited about defending other people's rights or privileges. The main goal of the Constitutional Law is to safeguard individuals' rights against both the state and third parties. If you are excited about supporting the rights of others, a career in Constitutional Law may be the ideal fit for you.

Who can pursue Constitutional Law - Constitutional Law Eligibility

Applicants considering an application for Constitutional Law studies need to meet the criteria provided below.

  • Undergraduate Courses:Undergraduate courses need applicants to have a 10+2 pass certificate with a minimum requirement of 50-55% score. Additionally, aspirants must have passed the entrance exams required for admission to the course.
  • Postgraduate Course:Candidates must have a three-year LLB degree or five-year merged law degree. Applicants must have passed the entrance exams required for admission to the Constitutional Law program.

Top Constitutional Law Entrance Exams 2023

Aspirants looking for admission to Constitutional Law degree courses provided at different universities and colleges can consider appearing in the following entrance exams:

  • CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)
  • AILET (All India Law Entrance Test)
  • MHCET Law (Maharashtra Common Entrance Test for Law)
  • Calcutta University Entrance Exam
  • APLAWCET (Andhra Pradesh Common Law Entrance Test)
  • URATPG (University of Rajasthan Admission Test for Post Graduate)
  • Lloyd LET (Lloyd Entrance Test)
  • SLAT (Symbiosis Law Aptitude Test)
  • ULET (University Law Entrance Test)
  • PU UGLAW (Punjab University under the Graduate Law Aptitude Test)
  • AIL LET (Army Institute of Law Law Entrance Test)
  • BVP CET (Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test)
  • JSAT (Jindal Scholastic Aptitude Test)

- Constitutional Law Syllabus and Subjects


  • Constitutionalism and Constitutional Development in India
  • Comparative and Cooperative Federalism (India, America, And Australia)
  • Civil and Political Rights: Comparative Study of Select Constitutions (India, USA and UK)
  • Local Self-government Law
  • Administrative Law of India – I
  • Administrative Law of India – II


  • Concept of State
  • Right to Equality
  • Freedom of Speech and Expression
  • Emerging regime of new Fundamental Rights
  • Right to Freedom of Religion (Article 25-28)
  • Minorities Rights (Articles 29 & 30)
  • Right to Remedy
  • Relationship between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles of State Policy.
  • Indian Federalism
  • Distribution of Legislative Power
  • The Judiciary
  • Tortious Liability of State
  • Freedom of Trade Commerce and Intercourse
  • Parliamentary Privileges
  • Parliamentary Form of Government versus Presidential Form of Government.
  • Emergency Provisions in the Indian Constitution
  • Amendment of the Constitution (Article 368)
  • What is a Constitution
  • Rule of Law
  • Sovereignty of the British Parliament
  • The King of England
  • The Judicial system in England

The top colleges offering LLM in Constitutional Law have been tabulated in the table below.

College Name Location Admission Process Average Annual Fees (INR) (Approx.)
National Law University and Judicial Academy Guwahati CLAT INR 1,04,500
Tamil Nadu Dr Ambedkar Law University Chennai Based on Merit list INR 38,200
Mahatma Gandhi Law College Hyderabad TSPGLCET INR 24,100
Manikchand Pahade Law College Aurangabad LLMCET conducted by BAMU INR 13,046
Siddhartha Law College Dehradun CLAT INR 1,21,500
Pendekanti Law College Hyderabad TSPGLCET INR 25,050
Cochin University of Science and Technology Kochi Entrance Based INR 7,555
KLE Society’s Law College Bangalore LSAT INR 75,000
Osmania College of Law Hyderabad Entrance Based INR 3,000
Sushant University Gurgaon CLAT INR 1,83,120

Besides independent practice, many employments are available for LLM Constitutional Law aspirants. Some of them are listed in the table below in addition to the predicted annual salary.

Job Profile Job Description Average Annual Salary (INR) (Approx.)
Government Lawyer Government Lawyers argue a case in favor of the government. They represent the government in the courts and also send legal notices for the government. 4,50,000
Corporate Lawyer A corporate Lawyer is an advocate employed for a company who argues a case in favor of the company. They represent the company in the courts and also send legal notices for the company. 4,78,000
Legal Advisor Legal advisors are recruited by the MNCs and Corporate Houses for advising different law-related matters and looking for advice for the same. They may also be appointed by the government for guidance on legal subjects. 5,50,000
Legal Officer Legal officers manage all the law-related matters within their organization and decide what action to take on them. Both public and private sector companies employ legal officers. 5,80,000
Legal Writer Legal Writer writes for a law journal. They research new laws, imperfections in our constitution, etc., and write about them. Sometimes, they may also be appointed by the newspaper agencies. 3,50,000
Legal Editor Legal Editors edit the columns to be published in Legal journals, magazines, and newspapers. 6,50,000

Top Employers in Constitutional Law

There are numerous firms that recruit Constitutional Law graduates. Job prospects are accessible for them in both privately owned and governmental sectors. Some prominent employers that recruit Constitutional Law graduates are as follows.

  • Singhania and Partners
  • AZB and Partners
  • J Sagar Associates
  • Luthra and Luthra
  • Titus and Co.
  • Trilegal

Future Scope of LLM Constitutional Law

After finishing an LLM degree in Constitutional Law, very few future study options are present for a candidate. Some of them are discussed below.

  • After completing an LLM degree in Constitutional Law, a candidate can opt for PhD or research-based subjects in the branch of Constitutional Law. 
  • During the Ph.D. degree, the candidate will have to research on any one topic of Constitutional Law and publish a research paper on the same. 
  • For admission to PhD courses, a candidate must clear the UGC-NET exam. Some other PhD Entrance Exams are also available. 
  • If the candidate desires to go for corporate jobs, he or she may also be interested in an MBA degree. 
  • MBA will assist the candidate to earn a higher position in the corporate sector. 


In conclusion, constitutional law is the foundation of modern societies, leading to the complexities between governments and citizens. From the construction of constitutions to their understanding in courts of law, this field structures the fortune of nations and the lives of individuals. Its principles and guidelines enlighten the path toward a just, accountable, and rights-respecting society.


  • https://www.shiksha.com/law/constitutional-law-chp
  • https://www.britannica.com/topic/ constitutional-law/Unitary-and- federal-systems
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  • https://collegedunia.com/courses/ master-of-laws-llm- constitutional-law
  • https://blog.ipleaders.in/ syllabus-and-topics-to-cover- to-crack -the-clat-pg-exam/