International Law is legal rules and regulations based on ethical principles. International Law acts binding on to those countries which are international actors. International actors are those who are sovereigns. They also have been recognized as a state under the United Nations by other states. The ambit of International Law has been broadening since industrialization and globalization.
International law is not uniform in nature. It keeps on developing according to the changing requirements, like the constitution getting amended. Earlier international law only included matters concerning war, peace, and diplomacy. As of now, there have been many additions to the existing rules. This includes conflicts related to economic trade, space law, human rights, and international organizations.
Difference between IL and ICL
People tend to confuse International Law with International Criminal Law. International Law was framed during the European Renaissance. The purpose was for conflict settlement in the Middle East. The principle on which the International Law is based has roots in the Roman Empire. Roman Empire used International Law to govern their international relations. After the collision of the Western Roman Empire, new rules emerged in International Law. These were Law of Merchant, Maritime Law, and many more as such.
We have witnessed the working of the International Court Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia. As well as the International Court Tribunal for the old Rwanda. These were certain tribunals that emerged for the conflicts in these countries. Tribunal is structured for a temporary purpose. But we required a permanent body to govern the disputes. The surface coverage of the International Criminal seems to be precisely cause-specific. . The existence of International Criminal Law was justified in spite of the activism of International Law. The reason stated was that International Law could not hold any specific person accountable. It can adjudicate the matter of any state or any organization at large. Whereas, International Criminal Law is well capable of understanding the need for deciding against a perpetrator.
Henceforth, the International Criminal Court was established in 2002. International Criminal Law measures the Geneva Convention as its circumference. It includes crimes in very specific such as genocide, a war crime, crime against humanity, and many more as such. International Criminal Law is a body of Public International Law. So, International Law is a broader concept than International Criminal Law.
International Law is very narrow in its concept. It is based on ethnicity, and ethnicity possesses no pause to its expansion. The diversity of beliefs in humankind has shaped everything. The bane about this diverging fact is that humans try to mold everything. This happens for their benefit and their region of comfort.
The amendment in the International Law is a shred of evidence of how, over time, humans traced its ideology in uniformity to rule this world of diversity. The subjects under International Law are based on the ideologies which check the nation’s capacity regarding rights, duties, and obligations. As to whenever something has their base unit as a doctrine means that topic considered to be debatable. So as to the subjects, International Law is a controversial proposal.
It is challenging to categorize International Law into themes. These following topics, divided by the concepts, sum up under International Law:
Legal Method and Research Methodology
Comparative Public Law
International Law and International Relations: Development and Trends
International Courts and Tribunals
Law and Justice in Internationalized World
Law of Sea, Air, and Space
International Human Rights and Humanitarian Law
International Dispute Resolution Bodies
12 best colleges for persuading International Law in India are as follows:
1) Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala.
2) Post Graduate College of Law, Osmania University, Hyderabad.
3) Tamil Nadu Dr. Ambedkar Law University, Chennai.
4) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar College of Law, Visakhapatnam.
5) Government Law College, Puducherry.
6) National Law University and Judicial Academy, Guwahati.
7) IMS Unison University, Dehradun.
8) Jagannath University, Jaipur.
9) University of Madras, Chennai.
10) Indian Academy of International Law and diplomacy, New Delhi
11) Integral University, Lucknow
12) Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida.
Careers are the most important discussions and the path to which we have been taught to walk on to make our life, earn through it, and ultimately settle. We tend to choose careers depending upon our field of interest.
Sometimes it may be due to the scope and demand of the profession. Or may also be due to the amount of money they want to make.
Drafting: Drafting is the most basic knowledge which is very common in the law field. It is one of the most paramount things of this professional degree. In International Law, we are assigned the work of drafting of trade agreements and international contracts.
Research: Law learner needs to be a patient as it needs to scan through so many statutes and judgments. So International Law learner's work is not only by differentiating it under a separate law, but it will be the law thing that marks the difference. International Law demands researchers who can research thoroughly. They need to study the rules and policies of different countries.
Negotiation: This work of an International Lawyer is similar to a diplomat. International Lawyer takes parts in the meetings. These explicitly focus on negotiating as well as for mediating conflicts.
The career opportunities can be seen in the following quarters:
Multi-National Companies: India is accepting more and more Multi-National Companies. The hope is expanding trade for development. International Law fits into it for sitting on the table of negotiation. It also caters to learning about the rules and obligations of the first country. Finally, it allows for the drafting of agreements between the two-nation plans.
Law Firms: Law has started offering services regarding International Law. This demand came into consideration when Human Rights found a larger platform.
Government Officials: The government needs these officers to understand the terms and conditions of their neighbor, friend, or trading countries. These officers help in locating the plans of negotiation.