Top 10 private law colleges in India [updated]

Home | Top 10 private law colleges in India [updated]

Top 10 private law colleges in India [updated]

21,Nov 2022

With the rise in the number of students enrolling to law courses and the changes to law admission landscape indicate that the popularity of law entrance examination is growing. Consequently, there has been a notable increase in the number of private law colleges across India. The CLAT 2024, LSAT—India, SLAT, AIAT, AP LAWCET, MH CET LAW, and TS LAWCET are a few of the law entrance exams for admission to private law colleges in India. Private law schools allow students to enroll in a range of legal programs, including 3-year, 5-year, LLM, and PhD programs, depending on their eligibility.

However, in the below section we have discussed the top 10 private law college in India along with its all important details such as courses offered, eligibility, fee, admission process and placements.

Top 10 Private Law Colleges in India 2024 List

#1 Symbiosis Law School - [SLS], Pune Pune, Maharashtra
#2 Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology - [KIIT], Bhubaneswar Bhubaneswar, Odisha
#3 Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh
#4 Indian Law Institute - [ILI], New Delhi New Delhi, Delhi NCR
#5 ILS Law College (ILS), Pune Pune, Maharashtra
#6 Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College -[NLC], Pune Pune, Maharashtra
#7 School of Law, Christ University - [SLCU], Bangalore Bangalore, Karnataka
#8 ICFAI Law School, Hyderabad Hyderabad, Telangana
#9 M.S. Ramaiah College of Law - [MSRCL], Bangalore Bangalore, Karnataka
#10 Army Institute of Law - [AIL], Mohali Mohali, Punjab

1. Symbiosis Law School - [SLS], Pune

Symbiosis Law School (SLS), a private college in Pune that was founded in 1977 and is associated with Symbiosis International University. It is recognized as the top private institution in India by IIRF, and has approval from the Bar Council of India and the UGC. The college provides a range of law-related undergraduate, graduate, certificate, and research programs with several specializations.

The college's SLAT entrance exam grades are used to determine admission to the SLS based on merit. The college's Career & Professional Development Cell works round the clock to give students access to employment prospects. Bajaj Allianz, ACC Cement, Coca-Cola, Cipla, ONGC, Bharti Airtel, Indiabulls, HDFC Ergo, Manupatra, JSW Steel, IFL Mumbai, Ernest & Young, ICICI Bank, and several other companies are among the leading employers.

SLS Pune Highlights

Established 1977
Type of Institute Private
Affiliation Symbiosis International University
Approval UGC, BCI
Courses Offered UG, PG, Diploma
Admission Criteria Entrance based/ Merit-basis
Entrance Exam Accepted SLAT, AIAT
Application Mode Online
Official Website

SLS Pune Courses, Eligibility & Selection Criteria

SLS, Pune provides a range of law-related undergraduate, graduate, certificate, and research programs with several specializations. The specifics of the same are tabulated below:

Courses Eligibility Selection Criteria
B.A.LL.B Passed the 10+2 exam in any stream or students' final exams for the 12th grade with 45% of the possible points (40% for SC/ST students). SLAT + Personal Interview
LL.B. Must have cleared graduation with at least 45% marks (40% marks for SC/ST) in any stream. AIAT + Personal Interview + Statement of Purpose
LL.M. Must have Bachelor of Law with at least 50% marks (45% marks for SC/ST) AIAT + Personal Attributes + Personal Interview + Fitment + Publications + Work Experience + Statement of Purpose
Diploma Passed 10+2 and Pursuing Law Degree Merit Basis
Ph.D. Passed post graduation with 55% marks Entrance Exam + Personal Interview

SLS Pune Admission

Students willing to pursue their undergraduate, post graduate or doctoral program from SLS Pune must know that the admission is made through SLAT exam score. Applicants who have been shortlisted need to go for written ability test and personal interview. Additionally, LL.B. and LL.M. program admission is based on AIAT comprised with personal interaction and online written test.

How to apply?

  • Firstly, you are required to register for SLAT exam
  • Now, need to complete the registration process.
  • Make payment of Rs. 1000/- for each subject using Debit card/ credit card/ Banking/ Net card/ Online Banking / NEFT
  • Register for AIAT if willing for LLB & LLM admission

SLS Pune Placements

Symbiosis Law School works with a career and professional development cell which aims at campus recruitment drive to provide a shining future to students. Additionally, the cell calls different law firms to participate in the drive where students get a chance to groom and trained for professional skills.

Some of the recruiters are as follows:

Coca Cola ACC Cement Bharti Airtel
H Energy Bajaj Alliance Kirloskar Brothers Ltd.

2. Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT)

Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT) was founded in 1992 as a training center and was granted university status in 1997. IT offers a wide range of undergraduate, graduate, diploma, certificate programmes and doctorate in science, engineering, law, management, and other subjects. The release of KIIT Placement 2024 is still pending. 5200 students in total received job offers during KIIT Placements 2023, according to the most recent data.

Course Course Details Eligibility Criteria Selection Criteria
BA-LLB/BBA LL.B /B.Sc. LLB Duration: 5 Years A minimum of 45% in any stream for a 10+2 pass or its equivalent. Candidates for B.Sc. LL.B. should have earned at least 45% of their points in the scientific stream in their 10+2 or equivalent exam. Merit in KIITEE

KIIT Admission 2024 

Admission for Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology is now open for 2024. Admissions to all undergraduate and graduate programs at KIIT Bhubaneshwar are solely determined by KIITEE scores.

How to Apply for KIIT Admission 2024?

Step 1: Go to, the official KIIT website.

Step 2: Select the tab labeled "Admission 2024." There will be a pop-up window.

Step 3: Select "View the KIITEE Website."

Step 4: Apply for KIITEE 2024 by providing all the details. (To finish the application process, upload your photo, your signature, and your 10th grade report or certificate.)

Step5: Select "Submit" by clicking the button.

KIIT Placement 2024 

The KIIT Placement 2024 has not yet been finalized; once publication, it will be updated here. When it comes to campus placements, KIIT Bhubaneshwar has an outstanding record. With the assistance of KIIT University's well-run placement team, which expedites the hiring process and ensures that students land the employment of their choosing, KIIT students have been placed with prestigious firms.

Particulars Placement Statistics 2023
Companies Visited 450+
Job Offers 5200
Highest Package INR 63 LPA
Average Package INR 6.5 LPA
No of Students placed with Dream Companies 1100
No. of Paid Internships 1500+
Top Recruiters Accenture, Cognizant, Capgemini, Mindtree, Bosch, Ericsson, IBM

3. Lloyd Law College, Greater Noida

Lloyd Law College is a distinguished college founded in 2003, located in Greater Noida. It is associated with Chaudhary Charan Singh University and has BCI approval. The college provides UG-level B.A.LL.B and LL.B. programs in addition to PG-level LL.M. programs. Applicants can use the institute's website to submit an online admissions application. The college offers top-notch facilities and highly qualified faculty members to provide top-notch legal education.

Lloyd Law College Highlights

Established 2003
Institute type Self-financed
Approved by BCI
Courses offered UG & PG
Admission Criteria Merit & Entrance-based
Entrance exam LET
Application mode Online
Official website

Lloyd Law College Courses

Courses Details
B.A.LL.B Duration: 5 years
Eligibility: 10+2 or equivalent with a minimum of 45% aggregate marks
Selection Criteria: Entrance Exam score + Interview
L.L.B Duration: 3 years
Eligibility: 10+2 or equivalent with 45% aggregate marks
Selection Process: Entrance Exam score + Interview
LL.M Duration: 2 years
Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree in Law

Lloyd Law College Admission

The entrance exam score and in-person interview are the criteria used to determine admission to the LLB and BA-LLB programs. Applicants may also apply if they have a valid CLAT score.

Also Read: CLAT 2025 (Latest Updates): Registration, Eligibility, Syllabus, Exam Pattern

Application process

  • Go to the official website of the institute; select your preferred course; and then click "Register now."
  • Provide mobile number, email address, and password.
  • You will receive a password and ID at the email address you registered with.
  • Complete all of the personal information.
  • Enter your educational information; attach a scanned copy of your signature and photo;
  • To proceed with the payment, select Save & Continue.

Read more: Lloyd Law College Admission

Lloyd Law College Placement

The college's placement cell offers its students excellent chances to develop their potential and foster their personal development. The cell offers students chances for internships & placement opportunities with reputable organizations, significant businesses, and advocates.

In order to place the greatest number of students in reputable organizations, the college also hosts job fairs. Among the best recruiters are:

  • Legal Orbit
  • Raymond
  • Coca-Cola
  • ADVOK8
  • Kotak Mahindra Bank
  • Ecom Express
  • OYO
  • Mahindra & Mahindra
  • Aditya Birla Group

Read more: Lloyd Law College Placement

Lloyd Law College Facilities

  • Library
  • E-innovation Garage
  • Hostel
  • Transport
  • College Infrastructure
  • Sports Facility
  • Medical Facility
  • Canteen

4. Indian Law Institute, New Delhi

The Indian Law Institute or ILI was founded in 1956. Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the country's first president, officially opened the institute in front of several judges and government representatives. In 2004, the Indian government bestowed upon ILI the status of a designated university. The institute provides online certificate programs, Ph.D., postgraduate diploma, and LL.M programs. ILI's primary goals are to advance the legal sciences, encourage their study, and aid in the reform of the legal system.

Indian law Institute, New Delhi Courses

Course Details
Doctor of Philosophy in Law (Ph.D.) Eligibility: LLM degree from an accredited university with a cumulative GPA of at least 55% + UGC NET/JRF or the institute's admission exam.
Intake: 9
Master of Law-1 year (LLM) Eligibility: LLB degree from an accredited university with a minimum of 50% from an Indian or international institution and proof of passing the institute's admission test (CAT).
Intake: 38
Postgraduate diploma-1 year Subjects: Cyber Law, Corporate laws and Management, Alternative Dispute Resolution, Intellectual property and rights Law
Eligibility: Graduate degree from a recognized university. Weightage of 5% will be given to Law graduates/CS/CMA/CA
Online certificate-3 months Specializations: Intellectual property rights, Cyber Law, Information technology in the internet age
Eligibility: Candidates pursuing or have completed a diploma or degree after 10+2 are eligible to apply for the 3-months online certification course.

Indian law Institute, New Delhi Admissions

Applicants interested for the admission for any course that ILI offers are required to apply online. They must visit the ILI website in order to submit the form and make the registration fee payment as required for the chosen course. Eligible students are required to appear for the admission exam and interview only for Ph.D. programs. Admission is based on the caliber of their presentations and the grades they have earned. Admission to postgraduate diploma programs is determined by the results of the qualifying exams. CMAs, CS, CAs, and law grads carry an extra 5% of the weight.

Indian Law Institute, New Delhi International collaborations:

  • Dean Rusk centre (USA)
  • Korea Legislation Research Institute (South Korea)
  • University of Houston (USA)
  • Harvard University (USA)

5. ILS Law College - [ILS], Pune

The Indian Law Society's Law College, or ILS Law College, was founded in 1924. It is a government law school connected to Savitribai Phule Pune University in Pune, India. For many years, the college has been ranked in the top 10 private law college and holds an A rating from the NAAC. The college is spread in nearly 154 acres. In addition to 3- and 5-year law programs, it also provides diploma programs. The college offers a range of amenities to students enrolled in ILS Law College. A swimming pool, a library, a sports hall, a hostel, and other amenities are offered at the campus.

Established 1924
Institute Type Public
Entrance Exam MH-CET-LAW
Courses Offered Various including Law
Affiliated to Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
Application Mode Online
Top Recruiters Dua Associates Bangalore, Khaitan & Co., India Law Services, ICICI Bank, HDFC Bank
Admission Criteria Merit-based & Entrance Test
Facilities Available Library, Sports, Hostel, Swimming Pool
Official Website

Indian Law Society's Law College Courses Offered

Courses Details
B.A.LLB. Eligibility: The candidate must have completed the 10+2 exam or its equivalent in any stream and graduated from any subject with at least 45% of the possible points across all years.
Duration: 5 years
LL.B. Eligibility: The candidate must have completed their undergraduate studies in any field with a minimum of 45% overall.
Duration: 3 years
LL.M. Eligibility: The candidate must have earned at least 45% in their LLB from an accredited university.
Duration: 2 years
Diploma Eligibility: The candidate must have graduated in any field from an accredited institution with a degree that is comparable to Pune University's equivalent.
Duration: 1 year
Specializations: Labour Laws and Labour Welfare, Taxation and Laws

ILS College Admissions

The Indian Law Society's Law College accepts applications on the basis of both entrance and merit. Candidates who are interested must open the official website of the college and fill up the online application. In addition to appearing for the MH-CET-LAW, applicants for the BA.LLB program must pass the test with a high score.

How to Apply?

  • Interested candidates may register for the online application form by visiting the college's official website or by picking up forms from the institution.
  • The application form must have all of the candidate's personal and qualification information filled out.
  • The candidate must review the qualifying requirements and all of the information they have provided, as once the form is submitted, it cannot be changed subsequently.

ILS College Placement

There is a functioning training and placement cell at ILS Law College. For ILS Law College students, a lot of college interviews and campus placement drives are arranged.

The placement drives have attracted a lot of well-known companies. In order to recruit students, organizations, businesses, advocates, and firms visit the college. Participating in the campus drive were India Law Services, Dua Associates Bangalore, Khaitan & Co, HDFC Bank, Mahindra Finance, Pune, KPMG, ICICI Bank, and many more.

6. Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College - [NLC], Pune

The New Law College of Bharati Vidyapeeth University was founded in 1978. It is acknowledged by the University Grant Commission and the Bar Council of India as one of the constituent units of Bharati Vidyapeeth University Pune. It provides various legal courses in subjects including Cyber Law, European Trade Law, and more. Additionally, it provides a range of extracurricular activities, including sports, NSS, and cultural events.

NLC Courses, Fees, and Eligibility

Course Fees Eligibility
Diploma Rs. 12,000 (Total Fees) 10+2
B.A.LL.B Rs. 4.57 Lakhs (Total Fees) 10+2 with 45% + MH CET LAW
BBA + LLB Rs. 4.57 Lakhs (Total Fees) 10+2 with 45% + MH CET LAW
LL.B Rs. 66,000 (Total Fees) Graduation with 45% + MH CET
LL.M Rs. 1.02 Lakhs (Total Fees) L.L.B.

Admission process

For Undergraduates For Postgraduates
Candidates who received at least 50% of the possible points in the LLB entrance exam qualified. Direct admission on merit basis

Placements Details

  • Ministry of External Affairs
  • Supreme Court of India
  • Gujarat Police, Ahmadabad
  • Cyber Crime Cell, Pune Police
  • Department of Micro Electronics, New Delhi
  • Le Human resource
  • Bombay High Court (Assistant Judge, Advocate)
  • May 8 Foundation
  • Human Rights Law Network
  • Center for Social Legal Development
  • Infosys
  • Red Cross
  • Mind crest
  • WNS global services
  • Deloitte
  • Rajkot Police, Gujarat
  • L&T Mumbai
  • Cyber Crime Cell, Bangalore
  • State Bank of India
  • IDBI Bank
  • Bank of India

7. School of Law, Christ University - [SLCU], Bangalore

School of Law is a division of Christ University, Bangalore, which was established and is run by the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate (CMI). With nearly 2000 members, CMI is the first indigenous Catholic religious congregation in India and provides social services, healthcare, education, and other services to benefit mankind. Undergraduate, graduate, and doctorate programs in the field of law are available at the School of Law in accordance with UGC and BCI rules.

Courses Offered

Level of Study Courses
  • Bachelor of Law (B.A.LL.B.) (Honours)
  • Bachelor of Law (B.B.A.LL.B.) (Honours)
  • Master of Law (LL.M.)
Doctoral (PhD)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Law

School of Law, Christ University Placement

Category Organizations
Law Firms
  • Harsha & Co., Bangalore
  • Trilegal, Bangalore and New Delhi
  • Adlaw Partners, Bangalore
  • Laskmikumaran & Sridharan, Attorneys, Bangalore
  • King and Patridge, Chennai
  • Parekh & Co., New Delhi
  • Poovayya & Co., New Delhi
  • Universal Legal, Bangalore
  • Narasappa Doraswamy & Raja, Bangalore
  • V.J. Mathew & Co., Cochin
Corporate House
  • Infosys Technologies Ltd., Bangalore
  • Hewlett Packard Sales India Ltd., Bangalore
  • GMR Infrastructure Ltd., Bangalore
  • Roamware, Bangalore
LPOs (Legal Process Outsourcing)
  • CPA Global, Gurgaon
  • Pangea 3, Mumbai
  • Justice & Care, Bangalore

8. ICFAI Law School, Hyderabad

ICFAI Law School Hyderabad was founded as a constituent body of ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education's constituent institute. India Today 2023 ranks the institute in the 22nd place for Law. It has received BCI and UGC approval. At the undergraduate level, the institute offers B.A.LL.B, B.B.A.LL.B, LL.M, and Ph.D programs. All courses require entrance examinations, which are followed by in-person interviews with the institute. It offers students placement aid in addition to having best infrastructure.

ICFAI Law School Hyderabad Highlights

Institute Type Private
Approved by Bar Council of India and University Grants Commission
Courses offered Undergraduate, Postgraduate, and Doctoral
Entrance Exam ILSAT
Application Mode Online and Offline
Official Website

ICFAI Law School Hyderabad Courses

Course Details
B.A.LL.B. (Hons.) Duration: 5 years
Eligibility: 10+2/equivalent exam passing any recognized board with at least 50% of the possible points in English
Selection Process: ILSAT entrance exam score
B.B.A.LL.B (Hons.) Duration: 5 years
Eligibility: 10+2/equivalent test with at least 50% of the possible points from any accredited board in English
Selection Process: ILSAT entrance exam score
LLM Duration: 1 year
Eligibility: Candidates must have a LL.B. degree with 50% aggregate marks
Selection Criteria: ILSAT (PG) entrance exam score
Ph.D. (Full-Time & Part-Time) Duration: 4 Years
Eligibility: Candidates must have a Master degree in Law with 55% aggregate marks for the Ph.D. programs
Selection Criteria: ILSAT (Ph.D.) entrance exam score followed by personal interview

ICFAI Law School Hyderabad Admission

Admissions to the B.B.A.LL.B and B.A.LL.B programs are determined on ILSAT entrance exam results. The ILSAT (PG) and ILSAT (Ph.D.) exam results are used to determine admission to the LL.M. and PhD programs, respectively. A personal interview is then conducted. For all courses, there is an online and an offline application process. The steps to apply to ICFAI Law School Hyderabad are shown below.

  • Go to the and fill the online application form
  • After that make the fee payment
  • Now, upload your passport-sized photograph and other documents if required
  • Click on the ‘Submit’ button and don’t forget to take the final print of the application
  • In the end send it to “The ICFAI Foundation for Higher Education (IFHE),3rd Floor, Plot No. 65, Nagarjuna Hills, Punjagutta,Hyderabad - 500 082, Telangana State”

ICFAI Law School Hyderabad Placement

The goal of the ICFAI Law School Hyderabad is to place students at different organizations who have successfully completed their course. Employment opportunities are given to the students in the fields of law, corporate law, international commercial contracts, alternative dispute resolution, banking, and insurance.

The institute's goal is to provide placements to its students who have been successfully completed their course. Employment opportunities are given to the students in the fields of law, corporate law, international commercial contracts, alternative dispute resolution, information technology, banking, and insurance.

Some of the recruiters are:

  • Mindcrest
  • QuisLex
  • RVR Associate
  • HDFC
  • IP Markets
  • Synergy Legal
  • Aurobindo Pharma

9. M. S. Ramaiah College of Law Bangalore

  • Ramaiah College of Law (MSRCL), which was established in 1995, is associated to Karnataka State Law University. It has been accepted by the Indian Bar Council as well as UGC. In a variety of legal disciplines, the institution offers post-graduate, diploma, B.A.LL.B., B.B.A.LL.B., and B.Com.LL.B courses. The CLAT test is used to admission students to UG courses.

Through campus placements with various law firms and corporations, the institute offers students the greatest employment opportunities in the legal industry. The Week ranked MSRCL 10th on Outlook India's 2018 list of the top law schools, while India Today ranked it 18th in 2019.

MSRCL Bangalore Highlights

Institute Type Private
Established 1995
Accreditation and Approval BCI and UGC
Affiliation Karnataka State Law University, Hubballi
Popular Courses B.A.LL.B, B.B.A.LL.B, B.Com.LL.B.
Official Website

MSRCL Bangalore Courses

Course Eligibility Duration
B.A.LL.B (Integrated) 10 + 2 or equivalent from a recognized institution, with 45% of total marks (40% for SC/ST) 5 years
B.B.A.LL.B (Integrated) 10 + 2 or equivalent from a recognized institution, with 45% of total marks (40% for SC/ST) 5 years
B.Com.LL.B (Integrated) 10 + 2 or equivalent from a recognized institution, with 45% of total marks (40% for SC/ST) 5 years
PG Diploma (Cyber Law / Information Technology) Graduation in Law 2 years

MSRCL Bangalore Admission

Students for UG courses are determined by score card of the CLAT Entrance Exam. The CLAT is a national entrance exam that is taken by applicants hoping to get into Indian law colleges and universities.

How to apply?

  • Open the official website of MSRCL
  • Go to the application form and download it.
  • Now, you are required to enter the required details correctly and also upload the required documents.
  • Once you are done with the details, click the form and pay the application fee of Rs. 1100.

A personal interview invitation will be extended to the shortlisted candidates. After the interview, students who are accepted must pay the first year's tuition within three days.

MSRCL Bangalore Placements

For campus placements, the institute extends invitations to Companies, Law Firms, and NGOs. Prior registration is necessary for students to take part. 

Just Law Associates, Deloitte Consulting, Wipro India Ltd., India Bulls Housing Finance Ltd., Atria Convergence Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Aditya Narayan & Co., Sigma Business Solutions Pvt. Ltd., Varasiddhi Vakil, Fox Mandal Associates, Aditya Narayan & Co., Aditya Narayan & Co., Mindcrest Attorneys Pvt. Ltd., and Quislex Services Pvt. Ltd. are a few premier recruiters.

10. Army Institute of Law, Mohali

The Army Institute of Law, Mohali was founded by the Indian Army under the auspices of the Army Welfare Education Society. It is associated with the Punjabi University of Patiala and has been granted Grade "A" accreditation by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) and approval by the Bar Council of India (BCI). Established in 1999, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam inaugurated the Army Institute of Law's Mohali campus in 2003. India Today put the institute at number eighteen in their 2022 rankings for law.

The Army Institute of Law provides legal education at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The reputable Institute itself administers an entrance exam, which is used to determine who gets admitted.

The Army Institute of Law has a strong placement rate; over the past few years, 70–80% of students have been placed. The college provides a number of amenities to meet the needs of its students, including a state-of-the-art gymnasium, dorm rooms, and a moot court. For more exposure in their subject, students can also seek internships at public and private institutions.

Army Institute of Law Courses & Fees

Program Program Details
B.A.LL.B (Bachelors of Arts + Bachelors of Law)
  • Duration: 5 Years
  • Fees: INR 1.42 Lakhs (1st Year)
  • Eligibility: Candidates must have passed 10+2 with at least 45%.
  • Selection criteria: Entrance based (AIL LET).
LL.M. (Masters of Law)
  • Duration: 1 Year
  • Fees: INR 1.55 Lakhs (1st Year)
  • Eligibility: Must have earned a bachelor degree in law with minimum 55%.
  • Selection criteria: Entrance based (AIL LET).

Army Institute of Law Placements

The Army Institute of Law's placement cell concentrated on delivering practical experience to its students in their last academic year for the development of their resumes. It is in charge of giving its students exposure chances through internships and placements throughout the summer and winter breaks.

Top Recruiters

  • Howden
  • AZB
  • JSA
  • Anand and Anand


The growing popularity of law courses in India is a result that shows the increase in number of law college students enrolling in private colleges of India. The view of law admissions has advanced with diverse entrance examinations like CLAT, LSAT—India, and others facilitating admissions to esteemed institutions. The top private law colleges in India for 2024, which include Symbiosis Law School, Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, and others, offer a diverse array of packages. These colleges not only focus on academic excellence but also prioritize on practical exposure via internships and placements, ensuring a promising future for regulation aspirants.